IMPLEMENTING THE LABOR CODE
Definition of Terms
SECTION 1. Definition of terms. —
(a) “Commission” means the National Labor Relations Commission.
(b) “Bureau” means the Bureau of Labor Relations and/or the Industrial Relations Division in the Regional Offices of the Department of Labor and Employment.
(c) “Board” means the National Conciliation and Mediation Board.
(d) “Code” means the Labor Code of the Philippines, as amended.
(e) “Employer” includes any person acting in the interest of an employer, directly or indirectly. The term shall not include any labor organization or any of its officers or agents except when acting as employer.
(f) “Employee” includes any person in the employ of a particular employer. The term shall not be limited to the employees of a particular employer, unless the Code so explicitly states. It shall include any individual whose work has ceased as a result of or in connection with any current labor dispute or because of any unfair labor practice if he has not obtained any other substantially equivalent and regular employment.
(g) “Labor Organization” means any union or association of employees which exists in whole or in part for the purpose of collective bargaining or of dealing with employers concerning terms and conditions of employment.
(h) “Local Union” means any labor organization operating at the enterprise level.
(i) “National Union/Federation” means any labor organization with at least ten (10) locals or chapters each of which must be a duly recognized collective bargaining agent.
(j) “Legitimate Labor Organization” means any labor organization duly registered with the Department of Labor and Employment and includes any branch, local or affiliate thereof.
(k) “Company Union” means any labor organization whose formation, function or administration has been assisted by any act defined as unfair labor practice by the Code.
(l) “Bargaining Representative” means a legitimate labor organization or any duly authorized officer or agent of such organization whether or not employed by the employer.
(m) “Unfair Labor Practice” means any unfair labor practice as expressly defined in the Code.
(n) “Labor or Industrial Dispute” includes any controversy or matter concerning terms or conditions of employment or the association or representation of persons in negotiating the fixing, maintaining, changing or arranging of terms and conditions of employment regardless of whether or not the disputants stand in the proximate relationship of employers and employees.
(o) “Managerial Employee” is one who is vested with powers or prerogatives to lay down and execute management policies and/or to hire, transfer, suspend, layoff, recall, discharge, assign or discipline employees. Supervisory employees are those who, in the interest of the employer, effectively recommend such managerial actions if the exercise of such authority is not merely routinary or clerical in nature but require the use of independent judgment. All employees not falling within any of the above definitions are considered rank-and-file employees for purposes of this Book.
(p) “Voluntary Arbitrator” means any person accredited by the Board as such, or any person named or designated in the collective bargaining agreement, by the parties to act as their voluntary arbitrator, or one chosen, with or without the assistance of the National Conciliation and Mediation Board, pursuant to a selection procedure agreed upon in the collective bargaining agreement, or any official that may be authorized by the Secretary of Labor and Employment to act as voluntary arbitrator upon the written request and agreement of the parties to a labor dispute.
(q) “Strike” means any temporary stoppage of work by the concerted action of employees as a result of a labor or industrial dispute.
(r) “Strike-Breaker” means any person who obstructs, impedes, or interferes with by force, violence, coercion, threats or intimidation any peaceful picketing by employees during any labor controversy affecting wages, hours or conditions of work or in the exercise of the right of self-organization or collective bargaining.
(s) “Strike Area” means the establishment, warehouse, depots, plants or offices, including the sites or premises used as run-away shops, of the employer struck against, as well as the immediate vicinity actually used by picketing strikers in moving to and fro before all points of entrance to and exits from said establishment.
(t) “Lockout” means the temporary refusal of an employer to furnish work as a result of a labor or industry dispute.
(u) “Internal Union Dispute” includes all disputes or grievances arising from any violation of or disagreement over any provision of the constitution and by-laws of a union, including any violation of the rights and conditions of union membership provided for in this Code.
(v) “Appeal” means the elevation by an aggrieved party of any decision, order or award of a lower body to a higher body, by means of a pleading which includes the assignment of errors, memorandum of arguments in support thereof, and the reliefs prayed for. A mere notice of appeal, therefore, does not constitute the appeal as herein defined and understood, and shall not stop the running of the period for perfecting an appeal.
(w) “Perfection of an Appeal” includes the filing within the prescribed period, of the memorandum of appeal containing, among others, the assignment of error/s, the argument in support thereof, the reliefs sought and posting of the appeal bond.
(x) “Certification Election” means the process of determining, through secret ballot, the sole and exclusive bargaining agent of the employees in an appropriate bargaining unit, for purposes of collective bargaining.
(y) “Consent Election” means the election voluntarily agreed upon by the parties to determine the issue of majority representation of all the workers in the appropriate collective bargaining unit.
(z) “Run-Off” refers to an election between the labor unions receiving the two (2) higher number of voters when a certification election which provides for three (3) or more choices results in no choice receiving a majority of the valid votes cast, where the total number of votes for all contending unions is at least fifty percent (50%) of the number of votes cast.
(aa) “Registration of Agreement” refers to the filing of the collective bargaining agreement with the Regional Office or the Bureau accompanied by verified proof of posting and ratification and payment of fee.
(bb) “Organized Establishment” refers to a firm or company where there is a recognized or certified exclusive bargaining agent.
(cc) “Registration Proceedings” refer to proceedings involving the application for registration of labor organizations.
(dd) “Cancellation Proceeding” is the process leading to the revocation of the registration certificate of a labor organization after due process.
(ee) “Hearing Officers” are officers appointed/designated in the Regional Office and authorized to hear and decide cases under Section 2 of Republic Act No. 6715 and whose decision is appealable to the Commission.
(ff) “Union Accounts Examiners” are officials in the Bureau or the Industrial Relations Division in the Regional Office empowered to audit books of accounts of the union.
(gg) “Representation Officer” refer to a person duly authorized to conduct and supervise certification elections in accordance with Rule VI of this Book.
(hh) “Term of Office” means the tenure of office of elected officials of a labor organization which is for a fixed period of five (5) years.
(ii) “Cabo” refers to a person or group or persons or to a labor group which, in the guise of a labor organization, supplies workers to an employer, with or without any monetary or other consideration whether in the capacity of an agent of the employer or as an ostensible independent contractor.
(jj) “Collective Bargaining Agreement” refers to the negotiated contract between a legitimate labor organization and the employer concerning wages, hours of work and all other terms and conditions of employment in a bargaining unit, including mandatory provisions for grievances and arbitration machineries.
(kk) “Med-Arbiter” is an official in the Regional Office authorized to hear, conciliate, mediate and decide representation cases, internal union and inter-union disputes.
(ll) “Administrator” refers to the Administrator of the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration or the National Conciliation and Mediation Board as the context so indicates.
Registration of Unions
SECTION 1. Who may join unions. — All persons employed in commercial, industrial and agricultural enterprises, including employees of government corporations established under the Corporation Code as well as employees of religious, medical or educational institutions whether operating for profit or not, except managerial employees, shall have the right to self-organization and to form, join or assist labor organizations for purposes of collective bargaining. Ambulant, intermittent and itinerant workers, self-employed people, rural workers and those without any definite employers may form labor organizations for their mutual aid and protection.
Supervisory employees and security guards shall not be eligible for membership in a labor organization of the rank-and-file employees but may join, assist or form separate labor organizations of their own; Provided, that those supervisory employees who are included in an existing rank-and-file bargaining unit, upon the effectivity of Republic Act No. 6715, shall remain in that unit; Provided, further, that alien employees with valid working permits issued by the Department of Labor and Employment may exercise the right to self-organization and join or assist labor organizations for purposes of collective bargaining if they are nationals of a country which grants the same or similar rights to Filipino workers, as certified by the Department of Foreign Affairs.
For the purpose of this Section, any employee, whether employed for a definite period or not, shall, beginning on the first day of his service, be eligible for membership in the union.
SECTION 2. Where to file application; procedure. — Any national labor organization or labor federation or local union may file an application for registration with the Bureau or the Regional Office where the applicant’s principal office is located. The Bureau or the Regional Office shall immediately process and approve or deny the application. In case of approval, the Bureau or the Regional Office shall issue the registration certificate within thirty (30) calendar days from receipt of the application, together with all the requirements for registration as hereinafter provided.
SECTION 3. Union affiliation; direct membership with national union. — An affiliate of a labor federation or national union may be a local or chapter thereof or an independently registered union.
(a) The labor federation or national union concerned shall issue a charter certificate indicating the creation or establishment of a local or chapter, copy of which shall be submitted to the Bureau of Labor Relations within thirty (30) days from issuance of such charter certificate.
(b) An independently registered union shall be considered an affiliate of a labor federation or national union after submission to the Bureau of the contract or agreement of affiliation within thirty (30) days after its execution.
(c) All existing labor federations or national unions are required to submit a list of all their affiliates, their addresses and including the names and addresses of their respective officials, to the Bureau within thirty (30) days from effectivity of these Rules.
(d) All existing labor federations or national unions with direct members are required to organize said members into locals or chapters in their respective companies or establishments within sixty (60) days from effectivity of these Rules.
(e) The local or chapter of a labor federation or national union shall have and maintain constitution and by-laws, set of officers and books of accounts. For reporting purposes, the procedure governing the reporting of independently registered unions, federations or national unions shall be observed.
(f) No person who is not an employee or worker of the company or establishment where an independently registered union, affiliate, local or chapter of a labor federation or national union operates shall henceforth be elected or appointed as an officer of such union, affiliate, local or chapter.
SECTION 4. Requirements for registration of local unions; applications. — The application for registration of a local union shall be signed by at least twenty percent (20%) of the employees in the appropriate bargaining unit which the applicant union seeks to represent, and shall be accompanied by the following:
(a) Fifty-peso registration fee;
(b) The names of its officers, their addresses, the principal address of the labor organization, the minutes of the organizational meetings and the list of the workers who participated in such meetings;
(c) The names of all its members and the number of employees in the bargaining unit;
(d) If the applicant union has been in existence for one or more years, copies of its annual financial reports;
(e) Four copies of its constitution and by-laws, minutes of its adoption or ratification, and the list of the members who participated in it;
(f) A sworn statement by the applicant union that there is no certified bargaining agent in the bargaining unit concerned. In case where there is an existing collective bargaining agreement duly submitted to the Department of Labor and Employment, a sworn statement that the application for registration is filed during the last sixty (60) days of the agreement; and
(g) The application for registration and all the accompanying documents shall be verified under oath by the secretary or the treasurer, as the case may be, and attested to by the president.
SECTION 5. Denial of registration of local unions. — The Regional Office of the Bureau may deny the application for registration on grounds of non-compliance with the requirements enumerated in Section 4 hereof.
The decision of the Regional Office or the Bureau denying the application for registration shall be in writing, stating in clear terms the reasons therefor. A copy thereof shall be furnished the applicant union.
SECTION 6. Appeal. — Any applicant union may appeal to the Bureau the denial of registration by the Regional Office, or to the Secretary if the denial is by the Bureau, within ten (10) calendar days from receipt of such decision on grounds of:
(a) Grave abuse of discretion; and
(b) Gross incompetence.
The appeal shall be filed in the Regional Office/Bureau which shall cause the transmittal of the records to the Bureau/Secretary within five (5) calendar days from receipt of the appeal.
The Bureau/Secretary shall decide the appeal within twenty (20) calendar days from receipt of the records of the case.
SECTION 7. Cancellation of registration certificate. — The certificate of registration of any legitimate labor organization including labor federations or national unions may be cancelled by the Bureau or the Regional Office on any of the following grounds:
(a) Violation of Articles 234, 237 and 239 of the Code;
(b) Failure to comply with Article 238 of the Code; and
(c) Violation of any of the provisions of Article 241 of the Code.
SECTION 8. Notice of Cancellation. — The Bureau or the Regional Office shall serve a notice of the cancellation proceedings on the labor organization concerned stating the grounds therefor, at least fifteen (15) calendar days before the scheduled date of hearing. In such hearing, the representative of the labor organization shall have the right to present its side.
SECTION 9. Appeal. — The labor organization may, unless the law provides otherwise, within fifteen (15) calendar days from receipt of the decision cancelling or revoking its certificate of registration, file an appeal to the Bureau, or in case of cancellation by the Bureau, to the Secretary, on any of the following grounds:
(a) Grave abuse of discretion; and
(b) Gross incompetence.
The Bureau/Secretary shall have fifteen (15) calendar days from receipt of the records of the case within which to decide the appeal. The decision shall be final and unappealable.
SECTION 10. Rights of labor organizations. — A legitimate labor organization shall have the rights enumerated in Article 242 of the Code.
SECTION 11. Automatic cancellation of union registration. — (a) The Bureau or the Regional Office shall, after due process, cancel the certificate of registration of any labor organization which fails to submit the financial reports required by the Code and its Implementing Rules six (6) months after the effectivity of Republic Act No. 6715.
(b) The reports required under this section shall be submitted to the Bureau or the Regional Office.
(Repealed by EO 111)
Equity of the Incumbent
(Repealed by EO 111)
Representation Cases and Internal-Union Disputes
SECTION 1. Where to file. — A petition for certification election shall be filed with the Regional Office which has jurisdiction over the principal office of the petitioner. The petition shall be in writing and under oath.
SECTION 2. Who may file. — Any legitimate labor organization or the employer, when requested to bargain collectively, may file the petition.
The petition, when filed by a legitimate labor organization shall contain, among others:
(a) The name of petitioner and its address and affiliation, if any;
(b) Name, address and nature of the employer’s business;
(c) Description of the bargaining unit which shall be the employer unit unless circumstances otherwise require; and provided further, that the appropriate bargaining unit of the rank-and-file employees shall not include supervisory employees and/or security guards;
(d) Appropriate number of the employees in the alleged bargaining unit;
(e) Names and addresses of other legitimate labor organizations in the bargaining unit;
(f) In an organized establishment, the signatures of at least twenty-five (25%) percent of all employees in the appropriate bargaining unit; and
(g) Other relevant facts.
When the petition is filed by an employer, it shall contain, among others:
(a) The name, address and general nature of the employer’s business;
(b) Names and addresses of the legitimate labor organizations involved;
(c) Approximate number of the employees in the appropriate bargaining unit;
(d) Description of the bargaining unit which shall be the employer unit unless circumstances otherwise required; and provided further, that the appropriate bargaining unit of the rank-and-file employees shall not include supervisory employees and/or security guards;
(e) Other relevant facts.
SECTION 3. When to file. — In the absence of a collective bargaining agreement duly registered in accordance with Article 231 of the Code, a petition for certification election may be filed at any time. However, no certification election may be held within one year from the date of issuance of a final certification election result. Neither may a representation question be entertained if, before the filing of a petition for certification election, a bargaining deadlock to which an incumbent or certified bargaining agent is a party had been submitted to conciliation or arbitration or had become the subject of a valid notice of strike or lockout.
If a collective bargaining agreement has been duly registered in accordance with Article 231 of the Code, a petition for certification election or a motion for intervention can only be entertained within sixty (60) days prior to the expiry date of such agreement.
SECTION 4. Effects of early agreements. — The representation case shall not, however, be adversely affected by a collective bargaining agreement registered before or during the last sixty (60) days of a subsisting agreement or during the pendency of the representation case.
SECTION 5. Where to file motion for intervention. — The motion for intervention in certification election proceedings shall be filed before the Med-Arbiter assigned to the case. The mere filing of said motion, however, will not suspend the holding of the certification election without an order issued by the Med-Arbiter.
SECTION 6. Procedure. — Upon receipt of a petition, the Regional Director shall assign the case to a Med-Arbiter for appropriate action. The Med-Arbiter, upon receipt of the assigned petition, shall have twenty (20) working days from submission of the case for resolution within which to dismiss or grant the petition.
In a petition filed by a legitimate organization involving an unorganized establishment, the Med-Arbiter shall immediately order the conduct of a certification election.
In a petition involving an organized establishment or enterprise where the majority status of the incumbent collective bargaining union is questioned through a verified petition by a legitimate labor organization, the Med-Arbiter shall immediately order the certification election by secret ballot if the petition is filed during the last sixty (60) days of the collective bargaining agreement and supported by the written consent of at least twenty-five percent (25%) of all the employees in the bargaining unit. Any petition filed before or after the sixty-day freedom period shall be dismissed outright. The twenty-five percent (25%) requirement shall be satisfied upon the filing of the petition, otherwise the petition shall be dismissed.
The sixty-day freedom period based on the original collective bargaining agreement shall not be affected by any amendment, extension or renewal of the collective bargaining agreement for purposes of certification election.
The decision calling for the conduct of an election shall contain the following:
(a) Names of the contending unions;
(b) Name of the employer;
(c) Description of the bargaining unit, and
(d) List of eligible voters which shall be based on the payroll three (3) months prior to the filing of the petition for certification election.
The certification election shall be held within twenty (20) calendar days from receipt of the order by the parties.
SECTION 7. Appeal. — Any aggrieved party may appeal the order of the Med-Arbiter to the Secretary on the ground that the rules and regulations or parts thereof established by the Secretary for the conduct of election have been violated.
The appeal shall specifically state the grounds relied upon by the appellant with the supporting memorandum.
SECTION 8. Where to file appeal. — The appeal, which shall be under oath and copy furnished the appellee, shall be filed in the Regional Office where the case originated.
SECTION 9. Period of Appeal. — The appeal shall be filed within ten (10) calendar days from receipt of the order by the appellant. Any opposition thereto may be filed within ten (10) calendar days from receipt of the appeal. The Regional Director shall within five (5) calendar days forward the entire records of the case to the Office of the Secretary.
SECTION 10. Decision of the Secretary final and unappealable. — The Secretary shall have fifteen (15) calendar days within which to decide the appeal from receipt of the records of the case. The filing of the appeal from the decision of the Med-Arbiter stays the holding of any certification election. The decision of the secretary shall be final and unappealable.
SECTION 11. Execution pending appeal. — The execution of the order of the Med-Arbiter shall be stayed pending appeal.
SECTION 1. Conduct of an election. — The Regional Division shall cause the necessary posting of notices at least five (5) working days before the actual date of election in two most conspicuous places in the company premises. The notices shall contain the date of election, names of the contending parties, the description of the bargaining unit and the list of eligible voters.
SECTION 2. Election conducted during regular business day. — The election shall be set during the regular business day of the company unless otherwise agreed upon by the parties.
SECTION 3. Representation officer may rule on any on-the-spot questions. — The Representation Officer may rule on any on-the-spot question arising from the conduct of the election. The interested party may, however, file a protest with the Representation Officer before the close of the proceedings.
Protests not so raised are deemed waived. Such protests shall be contained in the minutes of the proceedings.
SECTION 4. Protest to be decided in twenty (20) working days. — When the protest is formalized before the Med-Arbiter within five (5) days after the close of the election proceedings, the Med-Arbiter shall decide the same within twenty (20) working days from the date of its formalization. If not formalized within the prescribed period, the protest shall be deemed dropped. The decision may be appealed to the Bureau in the same manner and on the same grounds as provided under Rule V.
SECTION 5. Motion to postpone does not stay election. — The filing of a motion to postpone shall not stay the holding of the election.
SECTION 6. Duties of Representation Officer. — Before the actual voting commences, the Representation Officer shall inspect the polling place, the ballot boxes and the polling booths to insure secrecy of balloting. The parties shall be given opportunity to witness the inspection proceedings. After the examination of the ballot box, the Representation Officer shall lock it with three keys one of which he shall keep and the rest forthwith given one each to the employer’s representative and the representative of the labor organization. If more than one union is involved, the holder of the third key shall be determined by drawing of lots. The key shall remain in the possession of the Representation Officer and the parties during the proceedings and thereafter until all the controversies concerning the conduct of the election shall have been definitely resolved.
SECTION 7. Preparation of ballots. — Ballots shall be prepared in Filipino and English along with a translation in the local dialect, if any, for the guidance of worker-voters.
SECTION 8. Marking and canvassing of votes. — (a) The voter must write a cross (x) or a check (/) in the square opposite the union of his choice. If only one union is involved, the voter shall make his cross or check in the square indicating “Yes” or “No”.
(b) If a ballot is torn, marked, or defaced, in such a manner as to create doubt or confusion or identify the voter, it shall be considered spoiled. If the voter inadvertently spoils a ballot, he shall return it to the Representation Officer who shall destroy it and deliver him another ballot.
(c) As soon as the polls close, the votes cast shall be counted and tabulated by the Representation Officer in the presence of the representatives of the parties. Upon completion of the canvassing, the Representation Officer shall give each representative a certification of the result of the election and minutes of the concluded election.
(d) The ballots, tally sheets, and certification of the results, together with the minutes of the election, shall be sealed in an envelope and signed outside by the Representation Officer and by representatives of the contending parties. These envelopes shall remain sealed under the custody of the Representation Officer until after the Med-Arbiter has finally certified the winner.
(e) The Med-Arbiter, upon receipt of the results of the election and no protest having been filed, shall certify the winner.
(f) The union which obtained a majority of the valid votes cast by the eligible voters shall be certified as the sole and exclusive bargaining agent of all the workers in the appropriate unit. However, in order to have a valid election, at least a majority of all eligible voters in the bargaining unit must have cast their votes.
Challenges and Run-Offs
SECTION 1. Challenging of votes. — (a) Any vote may be challenged for a valid cause by any observer before the voter has deposited his vote in the ballot box.
(b) If a ballot is challenged on valid grounds, the Representation Officer shall segregate it from the unchallenged ballots and seal it in an envelope. The Representation Officer shall indicate on the envelope the name of the challenger and the ground of the challenge.
SECTION 2. Run-off election. — When an election which provides for three (3) or more choices results in no choice receiving a majority of the valid votes cast, and no objections or challenges have been presented which if sustained might change the results, the representation officer shall motu proprio conduct a run-off election within five (5) calendar days from the close of the election between the labor unions receiving the two highest number of votes; Provided, that the total number of votes for all contending unions is at least fifty (50%) percent of the number of votes cast.
The ballots in the run-off election shall provide for two choices receiving the highest and the second highest number of the votes cast.
SECTION 1. Complaint. — A complaint for any violation of the constitution and by-laws and the rights and conditions of membership under Article 242 may filed in the Regional Office where the union is domiciled.
SECTION 2. Who may file. — If the issue involves the entire membership of the union, the complaint shall be signed by at least 30 percent of the membership of the union.
In addition to the above requirement, the petition must show on its face that the administrative remedies provided for in the constitution and by-laws have been exhausted or such remedies are not readily available to the complaining members through no fault of their own. However, if the issue affects a single member only, such member may alone file his complaint.
SECTION 3. Contents of complaint. — The complaint must, among other things, contain the following:
(a) The person or persons charged;
(b) The specific violation/s committed;
(c) The relief/s prayed for; and
(d) Other relevant matters.
Such complaint must be in writing and under oath, and a copy thereof served on the respondent.
SECTION 4. Procedure. — Upon receipt of the complaint, the Regional Director shall immediately assign the case to a Med-Arbiter. The Med-Arbiter shall have twenty (20) working days within which to settle or decide the case. The decision of the Med-Arbiter shall state the facts and the reliefs granted, if any. If the conflicts involve a violation of the rights and conditions of the membership enumerated under Article 242 of the Code, the Med-Arbiter shall order the cancellation of the registration certificate of the erring union or the expulsion of the guilty party from the union, whichever is appropriate.
SECTION 5. Appeal. — The aggrieved party may, within ten (10) calendar days from receipt of the decision of the Med-Arbiter, appeal the same to the Secretary on any of the following grounds:
(a) Grave abuse of discretion; and
(b) Gross incompetence.
The appeal shall consist of a position paper specifically stating the grounds relied upon by the appellant and supporting arguments under oath.
SECTION 6. Where to file appeal. — The appellant shall file his appeal, which shall be under oath and copy furnished the appellee in the Regional Office where the case originated.
SECTION 7. Period to answer. — The appellee shall file his answer thereto within ten (10) calendar days from receipt of the appeal. The Regional Director shall, within five (5) calendar days, forward the entire records of the case to the Office of the Secretary.
SECTION 8. Decision of the Secretary final and inappealable. — The Secretary shall have fifteen (15) calendar days within which to decide the appeal from receipt of the records of the case. The decision of the Secretary shall be final and inappealable.
SECTION 9. Execution pending appeal. — The execution of the order of the Med-Arbiter shall be stayed pending appeal.
SECTION 1. Exercise of visitorial power. — The Secretary of Labor and Employment or his duly authorized representative shall inquire into the financial activities of any legitimate labor organization and examine their books of accounts and other records to determine compliance with the law and the organization, constitution and by-laws, upon filing of a complaint under oath and duly supported by the written consent of at least twenty (20%) percent of the total membership of the labor organization concerned.
SECTION 2. Period of inquiry or examination. — No inquiry or examination of the financial activities and books of accounts as well as other records of any legitimate labor organization mentioned in the preceding section shall be conducted during the sixty (60) days freedom period nor within thirty (30) days immediately preceding the date of election of union officials.
Registration of Collective Bargaining Agreements
SECTION 1. Registration of collective bargaining agreement. — The parties to a collective bargaining agreement shall submit to the Bureau or the appropriate Regional Office five (5) duly signed up copies thereof within thirty (30) calendar days from execution. Such copies of the agreement shall be accompanied by verified proof of its posting in two conspicuous places in the workplace and of ratification by the majority of all the workers in the bargaining unit.
Five (5) copies of the collective bargaining agreement executed pursuant to an award by the appropriate government authority or by a voluntary arbitrator shall likewise be submitted by the parties to the Bureau or Regional Office accompanied by verified proof of its posting in two conspicuous places in the workplace.
Such proof shall consist of copies of the following documents certified under oath by the union secretary and attested to by the union president:
(a) Statement that the collective bargaining agreement was posted in at least two conspicuous places in the establishment at least five (5) days before its ratification, and
(b) Statement that the collective bargaining agreement was ratified by the majority of the employees in the bargaining unit.
The posting required in the preceding paragraph shall be the responsibility of the parties.
The Bureau or the Regional Office shall assess the employer for every collective bargaining agreement a registration fee of one thousand (P1,000.00) pesos.
The Regional Office shall transmit two (2) copies of the agreement to the Bureau and one (1) to the Board within five (5) calendar days from its registration. Where the agreement is registered with the Bureau, one (1) copy shall be sent to the Board and two (2) copies to the Regional Office where the company has its principal office.
The Bureau or the Regional Office shall issue a certificate of registration within five (5) calendar days from receipt of the agreement.
SECTION 2. Terms of collective bargaining agreement. — The representation status of the collective bargaining agent shall be for a period of five (5) years. The parties are encouraged to conclude a collective bargaining agreement with a term of not more than five (5) years; Provided, that the parties shall renegotiate all provisions other than the representation issue not later than the third year; Provided further, that the collective bargaining agreement or other provisions of such agreement entered into within six (6) months from the date of expiry of the term of such other provisions as fixed in the collective bargaining agreement shall retroact to the day immediately following such date. If any such agreement is entered into beyond six months, the parties shall agree on the date of effectivity thereof. In case of a deadlock in the renegotiation, of the collective bargaining agreement, the parties may exercise their rights under this Code. In case of such a renegotiation, all requirements for registration shall be complied with, except for the payment of the registration fee.
The term of all contracts entered into before the effectivity of Republic Act No. 6715, shall be respected. Thereafter, any new collective bargaining agreement that shall be entered into in the same establishment shall conform with the provisions of Republic Act No. 6715.
Labor Education and Research
SECTION 1. Enlightenment of unionists as a duty. — It shall be the duty of every legitimate labor organization to enlighten its members on their rights and obligations as unionists and as employees.
SECTION 2. Special fund for labor education and research. — Every legitimate labor organization shall, for the above purpose, maintain a special fund for labor education and research. Existing strike funds may be transformed into labor education and research funds, in whole or in part. The union may also periodically assess and collect a reasonable amount from its members for such fund.
SECTION 3. Mandatory seminars. — It shall be mandatory for every legitimate labor organization to conduct seminars and similar activities on existing labor laws, collective agreements, company rules and regulations, and other relevant matters. The union seminars and similar activities may be conducted independently or in cooperation with the Department of Labor and Employment, the Asian Labor Education Center, the Institute of Labor and Manpower Studies, and other labor-education groups.
SECTION 4. Official receipts. — All collections and expenditures of funds for labor research and education shall be duly covered by official receipts subject to account examination by the Secretary of Labor and Employment or his representative.
SECTION 5. Grounds for impeachment or expulsion. — Failure to provide adequate labor education and research services to members of a labor organization shall be a ground for the impeachment or expulsion of the officer or officers responsible therefor in accordance with the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the labor organization concerned. Misuse or illegal disbursement of the labor education and research fund shall be a ground for impeachment or expulsion from the union and punishable under the relevant provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the union and other applicable laws.
SECTION 1. Jurisdiction of voluntary arbitrator or panel of voluntary arbitrators. — The voluntary arbitrator or panel of voluntary arbitrators named in the collective bargaining agreement shall have exclusive and original jurisdiction to hear and decide all grievances arising from the implementation or interpretation of the collective bargaining agreement and those arising from the interpretation or enforcement of company personnel policies which remain unresolved after exhaustion of the grievance procedure.
The voluntary arbitrator or panel of voluntary arbitrators, upon agreement of the parties, shall also hear and decide all other labor disputes including unfair labor practice and bargaining deadlocks.
SECTION 2. Referral of cases to voluntary arbitration. — All grievances unsettled or unresolved within seven (7) calendar days from the date of its submission for resolution to the last step of the grievance machinery shall automatically be referred to voluntary arbitration prescribed in the collective bargaining agreement.
The Commission, its regional branches and the Regional Directors of the Department of Labor and Employment shall not entertain disputes, grievances or matters under the exclusive and original jurisdiction of the voluntary arbitrator or panel of voluntary arbitrators and shall immediately dispose and refer the same to the appropriate grievance machinery or voluntary arbitration provided in the collective bargaining agreement.
In case issues arising from the interpretation or implementation of the collective bargaining agreements or those arising from the interpretation or enforcement of company personnel policies are raised in notices of strikes or lockouts or requests for preventive mediation, the regional branch of the Board shall advise the parties to submit the issue/s to voluntary arbitration.
SECTION 3. All labor-management dispute subject to voluntary arbitration. — It is the policy of the State to encourage voluntary arbitration on all other labor-management disputes. Before or at any state of the compulsory arbitration process, the parties may opt to submit their dispute to voluntary arbitration.
SECTION 4. Powers of voluntary arbitrator and panel voluntary arbitrators. — The voluntary arbitrator or panel of voluntary arbitrators shall have the power to hold hearings, receive evidence and take whatever action is necessary to resolve the issue/s subject of the dispute.
The voluntary arbitrator or panel of arbitrators may conciliate or mediate to aid the parties in reaching a voluntary settlement of the disputes.
SECTION 5. Procedures. — All parties to the dispute shall be entitled to attend the arbitration proceedings. The attendance of any third party or the exclusion of any witness from the proceedings shall be determined by the voluntary arbitrator or panel of arbitrators. Hearing may be adjourned for cause or upon agreement by the parties.
Unless the parties agree otherwise, it shall be mandatory for the voluntary arbitrator or panel of voluntary arbitrators to render an award or decision within twenty (20) calendar days from the date of submission of the dispute to voluntary arbitration.
SECTION 6. Award/Decision. — The award or decision of the voluntary arbitrator or panel of voluntary arbitrators must state in clear, concise and definite terms the facts, the law and/or contract upon which it is based. It shall be final and executory after ten (10) calendar days from the receipt of the copy of the award or decision by the parties.
SECTION 7. Execution of Award/Decision. — Upon motion of any interested party, the voluntary arbitrator or panel of voluntary arbitrators or the Labor Arbiter in the region where the movant resides, in case of the absence or incapacity of the voluntary arbitrator or panel of voluntary arbitrators for any reason, may issue a writ of execution requiring either the Sheriff of the Commission or regular courts or any public official whom the parties may designate in the submission agreement to execute the final decision order or award.
SECTION 8. Cost of voluntary arbitration and voluntary arbitrator’s fee. — The parties to a collective bargaining agreement shall provide therein a proportionate sharing scheme on the cost of voluntary arbitration including the voluntary arbitrator’s fee. The fixing of fee of voluntary arbitrators or panel of arbitrators, whether shouldered wholly by the parties or subsidized by the Special Voluntary Arbitration Fund, shall take into account the following factors:
(a) Nature of the case;
(b) Time consumed in hearing the case;
(c) Professional standing of the voluntary arbitrator;
(d) Capacity to pay of the parties; and
(e) Fees provided for in the Revised Rules of Court.
Unless the parties agree otherwise, the cost of voluntary arbitration proceedings and voluntary arbitrator’s fee shall be shared equally by the parties.
Parties are encouraged to set aside funds to answer for the cost of voluntary arbitration proceedings including voluntary arbitrator’s fee. In the event that said funds are not sufficient to cover such expenses, an amount by way of subsidy taken out of the Special Voluntary Arbitration Fund may be availed of by either or both parties under Section 9 of these Rules.
SECTION 9. Voluntary arbitration subsidy. — The Special Voluntary Arbitration Fund shall be available to subsidize the cost of voluntary arbitration in cases involving the interpretation and implementation of the collective bargaining agreement and the interpretation and enforcement of company personnel policies, including the arbitrator’s fees, subject to the guidelines on voluntary arbitration to be issued by the Secretary.
SECTION 1. Creation of labor-management council. — The Department shall promote the formation of a labor-management council in organized establishments to enable the workers to participate in policy and decision-making processes in the establishment insofar as said processes will directly affect their rights, benefits and welfare, except those which are covered by collective bargaining agreements or are traditional areas of bargaining.
The Department shall render, among others, the following services:
1. Conduct awareness campaigns on the need to establish labor-management councils;
2. Assist the parties, through the Department’s field workers, in setting up labor-management structures, functions and procedures;
3. Provide process facilitators in labor-management council meetings upon request of the parties; and
4. Monitor the activities of labor-management councils as may be necessary;
5. In establishments where no legitimate labor organization exists, labor-management committees may be formed voluntarily by workers and employers for the purpose of promoting industrial peace. The Department shall endeavor to enlighten and educate the workers and employers on their rights and responsibilities.
SECTION 2. Assistance by the Department. — The Department, upon its own initiative or upon the request of both parties, may assist in the formulation and development of labor-management cooperation, programs and projects on productivity, occupational safety and health, improvement of quality of work life, product quality improvement, and the like.
Picketing, Strikes and Lockouts
SECTION 1. Grounds for strike and lockout. — A strike or lockout may be declared in cases of bargaining deadlocks and unfair labor practices. Violations of collective bargaining agreements, except flagrant and/or malicious refusal to comply with its economic provisions, shall not be considered unfair labor practice and shall not be strikeable. No strike or lockout may be declared on grounds involving inter-union and internal union disputes or on issues brought to voluntary or compulsory arbitration.
SECTION 2. Who may declare a strike or lockout. — Any certified or duly recognized bargaining representative may declare a strike in cases of bargaining deadlocks and unfair labor practices. The employer may declare a lockout in the same cases. In the absence of a certified or duly recognized bargaining representative, any legitimate labor organization in the establishment may declare a strike but only on grounds of unfair labor practices.
SECTION 3. Notice of strike or lockout. — In cases of bargaining deadlocks, a notice of strike or lockout shall be filed with the regional branch of the Board at least thirty (30) days before the intended date thereof, a copy of said notice having been served on the other party concerned. In cases of unfair labor practices, the period of notice shall be fifteen (15) days. However, in case of unfair labor practice involving the dismissal from employment of union officers duly elected in accordance with the union constitution and by-laws which may constitute union-busting where the existence of the union is threatened, the fifteen-day cooling-off period shall not apply and the union may take action immediately after the strike vote is conducted and the results thereof submitted to the Department of Labor and Employment.
SECTION 4. Contents of notice. — The notice shall state, among others, the names and addresses of the employer and the union involved, the nature of the industry to which the employer belongs, the number of union members and of the workers in the bargaining unit, and such other relevant data as may facilitate the settlement of the dispute, such as a brief statement or enumeration of all pending labor disputes involving the same parties.
In cases of bargaining deadlocks, the notice shall, as far as practicable, further state the unresolved issues in the bargaining negotiations and be accompanied by the written proposals of the union, the counter-proposals of the employer and the proof of a request for conference to settle the differences. In cases of unfair labor practices, the notice shall, as far as practicable, state the acts complained of and the efforts taken to resolve the dispute amicably.
Any notice which does not conform with the requirements of this and the foregoing sections shall be deemed as not having been filed and the party concerned shall be so informed by the regional branch of the Board.
SECTION 5. Disclosure of information. — In collective bargaining, the parties shall, at the request of either of them, make available such up-to-date financial information on the economic situation of the undertaking, which is normally submitted to relevant government agencies, as is material and necessary for meaningful negotiations. Where the disclosure of some of this information could be prejudicial to the undertaking, its communication may be made conditioned upon a commitment that it would be regarded as confidential to the extent required. The information to be made available may be agreed upon between the parties to collective bargaining.
SECTION 6. Conciliation. — Upon receipt of the notice, the regional branch of the Board shall exert all efforts at mediation and conciliation to enable the parties to settle the dispute amicably. The regional branch of the Board shall also encourage the parties to submit the dispute to voluntary arbitration.
During the proceedings, the parties shall not do any act which may disrupt or impede the early settlement of the dispute. They are obliged, as part of their duty to bargain collectively in good faith, to participate fully and promptly in the conciliation meetings called by the regional branch of the Board. The regional branch of the Board shall have the power to issue subpoenas requiring the attendance of the parties to the meetings.
Information and statements given at conciliation proceedings shall be treated as privileged communications. Conciliators and similar officials shall not testify in any court or body regarding any matter taken up at conciliation proceedings conducted by them.
SECTION 7. Strike or lockout vote. — A decision to declare a strike must be approved by a majority of the total union membership in the bargaining unit concerned obtained by secret ballot in meetings or referenda called for the purpose. A decision to declare a lockout must be approved by a majority of the board of directors of the employer corporation or association or the partners in a partnership obtained by a secret ballot in a meeting called for the purpose.
The regional branch of the Board may, at its own initiative or upon the request of any affected party, supervise the conduct of the secret balloting. In every case, the union or the employer shall furnish the regional branch of the Board the notice of meetings referred to in the preceding paragraph at least twenty-four (24) hours before such meetings as well as the results of the voting at least seven (7) days before the intended strike or lockout, subject to the cooling-off period provided in this Rule.
SECTION 8. Declaration of strike or lockout. — Should the dispute remain unsettled after the lapse of the requisite number of days from the filing of the notice or strike or lockout and of the results of the election required in the preceding section, the labor union may strike or the employer may lock out its workers. The regional branch of the Board shall continue mediating and conciliating.
SECTION 8-a. Improved offer balloting. — In case of a strike, the regional branch of the Board shall, at its own initiative or upon the request of any affected party, conduct a referendum by secret balloting on the improved offer of the employer on or before the 30th day of the strike. When at least a majority of the union members vote to accept the improved offer, the striking workers shall immediately return to work and the employer shall thereupon readmit them upon the signing of the agreement.
In case of a lockout, the regional branch of the Board shall also conduct a referendum by secret balloting on the reduced offer of the union on or before the 30th day of the lockout. When at least a majority of the board of directors or trustees or the partners holding the controlling interest in the case of a partnership vote to accept the reduced offer, the workers shall immediately return to work and the employer shall thereupon readmit them upon the signing of the agreement.
SECTION 9. Hiring of replacements. — The mere participation of a worker in a lawful strike shall not constitute sufficient ground for termination of his employment even if a replacement had been hired by the employer during such lawful strike. But any union officer who knowingly participates in an illegal strike and any worker or union officer who knowingly participates in the commission of illegal acts during a strike may be declared to have lost his employment status.
SECTION 10. Prohibition regarding the employment of replacements. — No public official employee, including officers and personnel of the Armed Forces of the Philippines or the Integrated National Police, or any armed person shall —
(a) Bring in, introduce or escort, in any manner, any individual who seeks to replace strikers in entering or leaving the premises of a strike area, or
(b) Work in place of the strikers.
Nothing herein shall be interpreted to prevent the aforementioned officials, employees or peace officers from taking any measure necessary to maintain peace and order and/or protect life and property.
SECTION 11. Peaceful picketing. — Workers shall have the right to peaceful picketing. No person engaged in picketing shall commit any act of violence, coercion or intimidation or obstruct the free ingress to or egress from the employer’s premises for lawful purposes, or obstruct public thoroughfares.
No person shall obstruct, impede or interfere with, by force, violence, coercion, threats or intimidation, any peaceful picketing by workers during any labor controversy or in the exercise of the right to self-organization or collective bargaining or shall aid or abet such obstruction or interference. No employer shall use or employ any person to commit such acts nor shall any person be employed for such purpose.
SECTION 12. Injunctions. — No court or entity shall enjoin any picketing, strike or lockout, except as provided in Articles 218 and 264 of the Code.
The Commission shall have the power to issue temporary injunctions in such cases but only after due notice and hearing and in accordance with its rules. The reception of evidence for the application of a writ of injunction may be delegated by the Commission to any Labor Arbiter who shall submit his recommendations to the Commission for its consideration and resolution. Where the parties are not residents of Manila, the Labor Arbiter shall conduct hearings in such places as he may determine to be accessible to the parties and their witnesses.
Any ex parte restraining order issued by the Commission, or its Chairman or Vice-Chairman when the Commission is not in session and as prescribed by its rules, shall be valid for a period not exceeding 20 days.
SECTION 13. Criminal prosecution. — The regular courts shall have jurisdiction over any criminal action under Article 273 of the Code.
SECTION 14. Definition of “export-oriented industries.” — For the purpose of paragraph (g) of Article 264 of the Code, “export-oriented industries” means firms exporting 50 percent or more of their products worth at least $1 million or those annually exporting at least $10 million worth of their products or those exporting manufactured or processed goods with high value or labor value added as distinguished from traditional exports.
Termination of Employment
SECTION 1. Security of tenure and due process. — No workers shall be dismissed except for a just or authorized cause provided by law and after due process.
SECTION 2. Notice of dismissal. — Any employer who seeks to dismiss a worker shall furnish him a written notice stating the particular acts or omission constituting the grounds for his dismissal. In cases of abandonment of work, the notice shall be served at the worker’s last known address.
SECTION 3. Preventive suspension. — The employer may place the worker concerned under preventive suspension if his continued employment poses a serious and imminent threat to the life or property of the employer or of his co-workers.
SECTION 4. Period of suspension. — No preventive suspension shall last longer than 30 days. The employer shall thereafter reinstate the worker in his former or in a substantially equivalent position or the employer may extend the period of suspension provided that during the period of extension, he pays the wages and other benefits due to the worker. In such case, the worker shall not be bound to reimburse the amount paid to him during the extension if the employer decides, after completion of the hearing, to dismiss the worker.
SECTION 5. Answer and hearing. — The worker may answer the allegations stated against him in the notice of dismissal within a reasonable period from receipt of such notice. The employer shall afford the worker ample opportunity to be heard and to defend himself with the assistance of his representative, if he so desires.
SECTION 6. Decision to dismiss. — The employer shall immediately notify a worker in writing of a decision to dismiss him stating clearly the reasons therefor.
SECTION 7. Right to contest dismissal. — Any decision taken by the employer shall be without prejudice to the right of the worker to contest the validity or legality of his dismissal by filing a complaint with the Regional Branch of the Commission.
SECTION 8. Period to decide. — Cases involving the dismissal of a worker shall be decided by the Labor Arbiter within 20 working days from the date of submission of such cases for decision.
SECTION 9. Reinstatement pending hearing. — The Secretary may suspend the effects of the termination pending resolution of the case in the event of a prima facie finding that the termination may cause a serious labor dispute or is in implementation of a mass lay-off.
SECTION 10. Certification of employment. — A dismissed worker shall be entitled to receive, on request, a certificate from the employer specifying the dates of his engagement and termination of his employment and the type or types of work on which he is employed.
SECTION 11. Report of dismissal. — The employer shall submit a monthly report to the Regional Office having jurisdiction over the place of work all dismissals effected by him during the month, specifying therein the names of the dismissed workers, the reasons for their dismissal, the date of commencement and termination of employment, the positions last held by them and such other information as may be required by the Department for policy guidance and statistical purposes.
Execution of Decisions, Awards or Orders
SECTION 1. Decision of Commission. — The decision of the Commission shall be final and executory after ten (10) calendar days from receipt thereof by the parties.
SECTION 2. Execution of decisions, orders or awards. — (a) The Secretary of Labor and Employment or any Regional Director, Med-Arbiter or voluntary arbitrator may, upon his own initiative or on motion of any interested party, issue a writ of execution on a judgment within five (5) years from the date it becomes final and executory requiring the Sheriff or the duly deputized officer to execute or enforce their respective final decisions, orders, or awards.
(b) The Secretary of Labor and Employment and the Chairman of the Commission may designate special sheriffs and take any measure under existing laws to ensure compliance with their decisions, orders or awards and those of the Labor Arbiters and voluntary arbitrators, including the imposition of administrative fines, which shall not be less than five hundred (P500.00) pesos nor more than ten thousand (P10,000.00) pesos.
(c) Alternatively, the Secretary of Labor and Employment, the Commission, any Labor Arbiter, the Regional Director or the Director of the Bureau of Labor Relations in appropriate cases may deputize the Philippine Constabulary or any law-enforcement agencies in the enforcement of final awards, orders or decision.
SECTION 1. Penalties. — Any person violating any of the provisions of Article 264 of the Code shall be punished by a fine of not less than one thousand (P1,000.00) pesos nor more than ten thousand (P10,000.00) pesos and/or imprisonment for not less than three months nor more than three years, or both such fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the court. Prosecution under this provision shall preclude prosecution for the same act under the Revised Penal Code and vice versa.
SECTION 2. Frivolous or dilatory appeal. — To discourage frivolous or dilatory appeals, the Office of the President, the Secretary of Labor, the Bureau or the Commission shall impose reasonable penalties, including fines or censures upon erring parties.
SECTION 3. Enforcement of decisions, orders and awards. — To ensure compliance with decisions, orders and awards, the Labor Arbiters or the Med-Arbiters may take any measure under existing laws, decrees, and general orders, as may be necessary, including the imposition of administrative fines which shall not be less than P500 nor more than P10,000 against the erring parties.
SECTION 4. Person guilty of misbehavior. — A person guilty of misbehavior in the presence of or so near the Office of the President, the Secretary of Labor, the Chairman, or any member of the Commission, any Labor Arbiter, Med-Arbiter, Conciliator, Regional Director, Director of the Bureau, as to obstruct or interrupt the proceedings before the same, including disrespect toward said officials, offensive personalities toward others, or refusal to be sworn or to answer as a witness or to subscribe an affidavit or deposition when lawfully required to do so may be summarily adjudged in direct contempt by said officials and punished by fines not exceeding two hundred pesos or imprisonment not exceeding ten (10) days or both, if it be the Commission or members thereof, the Secretary of Labor, Office of the President, the Director of the Bureau or the Regional Director, or a fine not exceeding P10.00 or imprisonment not exceeding one (1) day, or both, if it be a Labor Arbiter, Med-Arbiter or Conciliator.
The person adjudged in direct contempt by a Labor Arbiter or Med-Arbiter or Conciliator may appeal to the Commission or to the Bureau, respectively, and the execution of the judgment shall be suspended pending the resolution of the appeal upon the filing by such person of a bond on condition that he will abide by and perform the judgment should the appeal be decided against him. Judgment of the Commission, Secretary of Labor, Office of the President, Director of the Bureau and Regional Director on direct contempt is immediately executory and inappealable.
Indirect contempt shall be dealt with by the Commission or Labor Arbiter, Med-Arbiter, Conciliator, Regional Director, Director of the Bureau, Secretary of Labor and Office of the President in the manner prescribed under Rule 71 of the Revised Rules of Court.
SECTION 5. Injunctions. — No temporary injunction or restraining order in any case involving or growing out of a labor dispute shall be issued by any court or other entity. On the other hand, the Office of the President, the Secretary of Labor, the Commission, the Labor Arbiter or Med-Arbiter may enjoin any or all acts involving or arising from any case pending before any of said offices or officials which if not restrained forthwith may cause grave or irreparable damage to any of the parties to the case or seriously affect social or economic stability.
SECTION 6. Incidental motions will not be given due course. — In all proceedings at all levels, motions for dismissal or any other incidental motions shall not be given due course, but shall remain as part of the records for whatever they may be worth when the case is decided on the merits.
SECTION 7. Compulsory arbitrator; when and who appoints. — The Commission or any Labor Arbiter shall have the power to seek the assistance of other government officials and qualified private citizens to act as compulsory arbitrators on cases referred to them and to fix and assess the fees of such compulsory arbitrators.
The appointment of a compulsory arbitrator may be made under any of the following circumstances:
(a) Whenever a factual issue requires the assistance of an expert; and
(b) When dictated by geographical considerations and similar circumstances.
The procedures before the compulsory arbitrators shall be the same as those before the Labor Arbiters.
SECTION 8. Non-intervention of outsiders in labor disputes. — No person other than the interested parties, their counsels or representatives may intervene in labor disputes pending before the Regional Office, the Bureau, Labor Arbiters, the compulsory or voluntary arbitrators, the Commission, the Secretary of Labor, and the Office of the President. Any violation of this provision will subject the outsider to the administrative fines and penalties provided for in the Code.
SECTION 9. Disclosure of donations, donors, and purposes. — Legitimate labor organizations are required to make a disclosure of donations, donors and their purposes in their annual financial reports to the Labor Relations Division concerned, copy furnished the Bureau. Failure to make such disclosures shall be a ground for the cancellation of the registration certificate of any labor organization and the imposition of administrative fines and penalties provided for in the Code.
SECTION 10. Filing fees for complaints or petitions. — No docket fee shall be assessed in labor standards disputes.
In all other disputes, an individual complainant shall pay a filing fee of P2.00. Where there are two or more complaints, a filing fee of P5.00 shall be charged. In case of deadlock in negotiations, the minimum filing fee shall be P25.00. The Bureau shall promulgate a schedule of fees for deadlocks in negotiations involving more than P200,000, provided that in all cases involving bargaining deadlocks, the fee shall be shared equally by the negotiating parties.
SECTION 11. Disposition of collected funds. — The Secretary of Labor is hereby authorized to spend any amount collected from the filing fees, appeal fees, registration fees of applicant unions, confiscated bonds, fines and other monetary collections under the Code for the use of the Department of Labor and Employment and its Regional Offices subject to usual accounting and auditing procedures.
SECTION 12. Appeal fee and bond. — The interested party appealing any decision, order or award of the lower body or agency shall pay a filing fee of twenty-five pesos (P25.00) with the body or agency of origin except deadlock in negotiation cases where the minimum appeal fee shall be P50.00.
To stay the execution of the decision, order or award, the appealing party shall post an appeal bond to be determined and approved by the Commission or Labor Arbiter, Med-Arbiter, Regional Director or Director of the Bureau of origin, as the case may be.
SECTION 13. When complaint deemed filed. — A complaint is deemed filed upon receipt thereof by the appropriate agency which has jurisdiction over the subject matter and over the parties, and upon due payment of the required filing fees.
SECTION 14. Check-off from non-members. — Pursuant to Article 248 (e) of the Code, the employer shall check-off from non-union members within a collective bargaining unit the same reasonable fee equivalent to the dues and other fees normally paid by union members without the need for individual check-off authorizations.