P.D. 851: 13th Month Pay

P.D. 851: 13th Month Pay

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Legislation P.D. 851 Amendments – Short Title 13th Month Pay Law Approved December 16, 1976 Published – Effective December 16, 1976 PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 851 REQUIRING ALL EMPLOYERS TO PAY THEIR EMPLOYEES A 13TH-MONTH PAY WHEREAS, it is necessary to further protect the level of real wages from the ravage of worldwide inflation;…

Book Seven – Transitory and Final Provisions, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Book Seven – Transitory and Final Provisions, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Title I – Penal Provisions and liabilities ART. 303. [288] Penalties. Except as otherwise provided in this Code, or unless the acts complained of hinge on a question of interpretation or implementation of ambiguous provisions of an existing collective bargaining agreement, any violation of the provisions of this Code declared to be unlawful or penal…

Book Six – Post-Employment, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Book Six – Post-Employment, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Title I – TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT ART. 293. [278] Coverage.  The provisions of this Title shall apply to all establishments or undertakings, whether for profit or not. ART. 294. [279] Security of Tenure. In cases of regular employment, the employer shall not terminate the services of an employee except for a just cause or when…

Book Five – Labor Relations, P.D. 442, Labor Code
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Book Five – Labor Relations, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Title I – Policy and Definitions Chapter I – Policy ART. 218. [211] Declaration of Policy. A. It is the policy of the State: (a) To promote and emphasize the primacy of free collective bargaining and negotiations, including voluntary arbitration, mediation and conciliation, as modes of settling labor or industrial disputes; (b) To promote free…

Book Four – Health, Safety and Social Welfare Benefits, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Book Four – Health, Safety and Social Welfare Benefits, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Title I – Medical, Dental and Occupational Safety Chapter I – Medical and Dental Services ART. 162. [156] First-Aid Treatment. Every employer shall keep in his establishment such first-aid medicines and equipment as the nature and conditions of work may require, in accordance with such regulations as the Department of Labor and Employment shall prescribe….

Book Three – Conditions of Employment, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Book Three – Conditions of Employment, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Title I – Working Conditions and Rest Periods Chapter I – Hours of Work ART. 82. Coverage. – The provisions of this Title shall apply to employees in all establishments and undertakings whether for profit or not, but not to government employees, managerial employees, field personnel, members of the family of the employer who are…

Book Two – Human Resources Development Program, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Book Two – Human Resources Development Program, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Title I – National Manpower Development Program Chapter I – National Policies and Administrative Machinery for their Implementation ART. 43. Statement of Objective. It is the objective of this Title to develop human resources, establish training institutions, and formulate such plans and programs as will ensure efficient allocation, development and utilization of the social growth….

Book One – Pre-Employment, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Book One – Pre-Employment, P.D. 442, Labor Code

Preliminary Title Chapter I – General Provisions ART. 1. Name of Decree. – This decree shall be known as the “Labor Code of the Philippines.” ART. 2. Date of Effectivity. – This Code shall take effect six (6) months after its promulgation. ART. 3. Declaration of Basic Policy.2 – The State shall afford protection to…